Interesting Facts about Ecuador

May 27, 2015 | 0

Ecuador is a small South American country bordered by Columbia on the North, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The nation is more than just the Galapagos Island, which spread 1000km in the Pacific to the west to the mainland. The main population of the country is indigenous groups that inhabited during the 15th century in the Inca Civilization.  Later on the place was colonized by Spain and earned independence in 1820. The legacy of Inca and Spain, both are very evident in modern Ecuadorian society, with the largest segment are mestizos, and a minorities include European, Amerindian and Africans.

Geography & Culture of Ecuador

Ecuador has a great biodiversity with versatile flora and fauna. The country is 8th most biodiverse country in the world with 1,600 different species of birds and 6000 species of butterfly.  This is the first nation in the whole world who has included the rights of nature in its constitution. The highest active volcano Cotopaxi is located in Ecuador. The Galapagos Island is legendary for Darwin’s theory of evolution.

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The capital Quito is UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its excellent preservation of historic town center. It is the first country in Latin America who has made it a compulsory rule to vote for all literate citizens aged 18-65. Mestizos is the majority in Ecuadorian population, around 70% people are ethnic blend of Spanish and indigenous civilization. The majority religion is Christianity out of which 10% are Protestant.

Best Time to Visit Ecuador

Ecuador is pretty much cooler place during June –November, but this period of time is unpleasant for water sports because of high wind in seas. The best time to visit wildlife is during the months of September to January. There are certain species and activities restricted in Galapagos Islands, so you need to consult Galapagos guide to know the best time to visit.

Peak seasons from September to January are quite good time to visit. However, it also means higher prices in hotels and other places. So, book in advance.

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What to do in Ecuador

Ecuador photo travel

Galapagos Island visit

Undoubtedly the best thing is to travel where Charles Darwin developed his theories of evolution. Galapagos Islands are the focal tourist attraction where you witness probably the world’s greatest biodiversity.

Mountain Biking in Cotopaxi

Mountain biking in Cotopaxi Volcano, the 2nd tallest and first active one in the world is an adventure that one simply can’t miss. It is an easy drive from capital Quito and go to the elevation of 45000 meters on car, and then go downhill cycling.

Shopping at Otavalo Market

The buzzing market is situated north of Quito, takes around 3 hours on a bus. It is the largest South America marketplace where you can find lots of things you can’t imagine. This is the perfect place for authentic souvenirs, and many other things. Best day is Saturday when the market swells with lots of vendors from different places.

Explore Amazon

The probably the cheapest country in South America from where you can venture into Amazon forest. You can take a three day trip from Quito from any travel agencies.

Walk around Historic City Center

This beautiful historic City Center boasts of beautiful cathedral, churches and many historic building. The place is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Interesting Facts about Ecuador

  • Ecuador became independent in 1830 after the collapse of Gran Columbia.
  • The name Ecuador derived from equator that runs throughout the country.
  • Guinea pig is one of the popular meats in Ecuador.
  • Ecuador was originally inhabited by Native American people before Inca Civilization.
  • Ecuador is the first country to introduce right to nature in its constitution.
  • The capital city Quito and Cuenca have been declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites because of its rich historic background.
  • The people of Ecuador see UFO more often than any other part of the world.
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