Sore Inside Nose

September 8, 2014 | 0

A sore, also known as an ulcer or skin lesion, can affect any epithelial surface in your body. Ulcers on mucocutaneous regions such as the inside lining of your nose or mouth are usually very painful. Nasal sore almost always will present with features of inflammation. Inflammation is basically a swelling that occurs when your body is injured so that it can prevent further destruction of your body tissues. It also serves to limit the injury especially when the causative agent is a microorganism such as bacteria.

However, due to the swelling associated with this condition, when you have a sore in your nose and inflammation occurs, you will experience pain, which can range from mild, moderate, to severe, redness of your nose lining, swelling and difficulty in breathing. Sores can be small or very large to cause respiratory complications. It can be a furuncle, boil, or simply a crack in the mucosa lining your nose.

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The most common nasal sores are due to bacterial infection, which may give you a furuncle or boil. The major culprit isolated when the pus or samples collected from these sores are the bacteria belonging to the group of staphylococcus aureus. These are common bacteria on the skin surface of all individuals.

However, when you have a breach on the protective layer of your skin, they can cause a lot of health complications. Herpes simplex virus can infect your upper respiratory tract to cause development of blisters. Other viruses include respiratory syncytial virus and influenza, which is commonly known for causing flu.

Most of the time nasal sores do not need any treatment as they heal simultaneously. However, they may recur at a high frequency causing regular pain and discomfort. You should consult a doctor when recurrence is at a higher frequency and with intense pain. This is because the offending organism may cause more serious health complications.

sore inside nose

Causes of sores inside nose

As mentioned, bacteria constitute the commonest causative organisms of this condition. Staphylococcus group of bacteria are the most implicated organism in the pathogenesis of sore in nose. These organisms produce toxins, which damage the mucosal cells lining the inner surface of the nose.

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Damage to these cells leads to ulceration or sores. Physical injury, which may result from constant picking in nose may cause cuts. The irritating organisms are almost always bacteria or viruses. Toxins released by these organisms cause excessive secretion of mucus from the mucosa cells in your nose. Mucus plugs attach firmly to the lining and any forceful removal leads to ulceration of the nasal epithelium.

Bacteria may also lead to infection of the hair follicles in your nose. These form papules, which can range from small to large in size. They can be furuncles or boils. When they burst, they discharge pus, which may lead to further infection. Recurrence of these papules may cause complications such as sinusitis and fistulae.

Allergy is a hypersensitive condition to common organisms or material that most people do not react to. Few individuals show a hyperactive activity to common contaminants such as dust. Other common allergens that can cause nasal sores include nasal spray, fumes from chemicals and jewelry irritation.

Infection by the herpes simplex virus among other viruses can cause nasal sores. This virus is transmitted by kissing or any other sexual contact. In infants, it is acquired as the newborn passes through the birth canal.

Risk factors  

Cold weather tends to make your nostrils dry. This encourages the formation of nasal scabs, crusts, plugs, and clinkers in the nose. Due to irritation of the nose by the presence of the above conditions, you tend to pick them hence injuring the mucosal lining. Other variables that predispose to the development of nasal sores include a habit of flaring your nose, cigarette smoking, and other respiratory tract infection such as dust.

Symptoms of sore inside nose

Inflammation is the hallmark of nasal sores. Swelling of the nasal mucosa leads to discomfort and pain that goes away if the causative agent is eliminated. Inflammation can be acute or chronic. Most of the time, it is an acute inflammation that heals promptly by use of anti-inflammatory drugs commonly available.

Due to the high density of blood vessels in your nose, you can have a bleeding nose with bloody plugs. You may also experience itching sensation especially when the sores are due to allergy. A discharge is common in infectious causes such as furuncles and boils. The discharge is invariably pus but blood can also be noticed sometimes.

Treatment of sore inside nose

Application of cold fomentation is the most effective mode of treatment. This is because hydration of the mucosa reduces the cracks and plugs that form. It is also easy to pick mucus plugs without injuring your nose when they are soft due to high water content.

Analgesics are used when you feel intense pain due to the sores that activate nerves in your nose. You can also use anti-inflammatory to reduce the swelling so that you are able to breathe without any difficulty. Antibiotics are used to disinfect and get rid of any infective microorganisms in your nose. If the cause is allergy such as from a nasal spray, you should avoid coming to contact with such irritants.

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